Guideline on Environmental Impact Assessment of Economic Partnership Agreements and Free Trade Agreements in Japan

From FY2000 to FY2001, the Ministry of the Environment commissioned the Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc. to conduct a survey work on the approaches to the environmental impact assessments of trade liberalization in foreign countries.

Following this project, in FY2002, the Ministry of the Environment established the Study Group on Environment and Economic Partnership Agreements/Free Trade Agreements (Chair:Professor Mitsutsune YAMAGUCHI). This Study Group was composed primarily of academic experts and tasked with investigating the environmental impact assessment methods that would be applied in the event that Japan concluded an EPA/FTA. Considerations were also advanced on the following main issues:  

  1. concrete methods to enhance the mutual supportiveness of trade and environment,  
  2. a guideline on environmental impact assessment methods involving EPAs/FTAs, and  
  3. implementation of case studies.

The case studies were conducted based on a number of assumptions. Case studies on the environmental impact assessments in the Japan-ROK EPA/EPA as well as investigations on the applicability of the guideline were conducted under the hypothetical situation that an EPA/FTA is concluded between Japan and the ROK.

This document was written under the guidance of the Study Group on Environment and Economic Partnership Agreements/Free Trade Agreements and the Ministry of the Environment, Government of JAPAN. Contributors to drafting the main documents include Kiichiro HAYASHI, Norihisa MIYAHARA. Yoko WAKE, Jung Woojong and Naoko TAKENAKA were contributors to the international input-output analysis by the EDEN database. Juinich FUJINO supported the drafting work by conducting the AIM/CGE model analysis.

The following guideline summarizes the results of such considerations.

See the guideline here: