Minimizing adverse environmental impacts of economic development accompanied by rapid urbanization and industrial growth as well as conserving natural environment remain significant challenges for Asia. While many governments have developed legal and institutional frameworks for environmental safeguards, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations remains weak due in large part to technical, financial, and human capacity limitations.
In the region, application of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) requirements has been consistently identified as a priority concern of environmental compliance and enforcement. Yet, effective implementation of the EIA laws in Asia remains patchy, especially in relation to compliance and enforcement of environmental management and monitoring plans (EMMPs) which identify measures to be taken in order to reduce adverse environmental and social impacts to acceptable levels or offset them in appropriate manners. Therefore, EIA implementation needs to be enhanced through further capacity strengthening.
The objective of the project is to develop the implementing capacity of EIA in Sri Lanka and Lao PDR through the bilateral twinning arrangement with Japan as a mentoring country. The Japanese Association of Environment Assessment (JEAS) will act as mentor with technical assistance from the ERM in association with the Ministry of the Environment, Japan. The twinning arrangement provides mutual hands-on learning opportunities among the government officials in charge and experts in the field and delivers tangible outputs that are beneficial to mentee countries.
The expected outcomes are: (i) an increased capacity of EIA implementation in priority sectors in terms of the government officials’ capability to instruct project proponents to prepare appropriate EIA preparation documents (Terms of reference etc.) and to evaluate EIA reports prepared by the project proponents and (ii) an increased exposure and understanding to the newer technologies that mentee countries would need for their future industrial development.
- Consultation Workshop - Dec. 10, 2013 Colombo, Sri Lanka
- Consultation Workshop - Jan. 9, 2014 Vientienne, Lao PDR