Seoul to simplify pollution controls

The central government will simplify the system for controlling pollution-generating facilities starting from 2017 as part of its efforts to reduce unnecessary procedural issues and lessen the burdens of businesses, officials said Tuesday.

For this, the Environment Ministry said it would integrate pollution permit systems. Currently, up to 10 types of separate permissions are required to run one pollution-generating facility. The permissions range from air pollution to water quality.

The new system will allow companies to submit only one online document for facility approval.

Korean Ministry to ease regulation on chemical reporting

The government and ruling party decided Tuesday to loosen a new regulation that requires companies to register chemical substances, in the face of strong backlash from businesses.

During a policy consultation, the Ministry of Environment and the ruling Saenuri Party agreed to exempt chemicals used in small amounts or used for research and development purposes from the requirement, which will come into force in late 2014.

Strategic Environmental Assessment in Korea

A powerpoint presentation from Young-Il Song of the Korea Environment Institute (KEI)

Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA)

  • Adopted in 1977 under the Environment Preservation Act
  • Currently, being enforced under the Act on Assessment of Impacts of Works on Environment, Traffic, Disaster, ETC
  • Applied to the development projects (17 Fields 63 Projects)

Preliminary Environmental Review System(PERS)

EIA Case Study of Wind Power Plant in Korea

Wind power plant as a renewable energy is getting popular, so there is social conflict on the site selection of wind power plant. As over 70% of Korea is composed of mountainous landscape, many wind power plants are proposed to be built on mountain ridge and are expected to cause serious environmental problems. The operating wind power plant and the proposed EIA cases of wind power plant show the examples of the expected environmental problems and social conflicts.

Method Development for the Integrated Impact Assessment in Korea: A Case Study for the Construction of Great Korean Waterway

Mega-project has great impact on the society as a whole. With a rapid transition toward industrialization, Korea has launched a series of mega-projects so far, including the construction of highway between Seoul and Pusan, the railroad construction for the KTX (Korea Train Express), the Saemangeum land reclamation project, and etc.