EIA Case Study: Kali Gandaki ‘A’ Hydroelectric Project in Environmental Perspectives

Hydropower is one of the cleanest, renewable and environmentally benign sources of energy. Nepal is blessed with immense source of water resources and huge hydropower potential. Kali Gandaki ‘A’ Hydroelectric Project is the largest hydropower project implemented so far in Nepal. The project is located in the Western Development Region of Nepal. The main component of the project is located at Syangja District in Gandaki Zone, and other components partially encompass other districts such as Gulmi, Palpa, Parbat, Kaski and Rupandehi.

From the beginning, environmental consideration was given priority in the project. Various environmental documents were prepared during engineering design and tender documents preparation. The primary documents that guided environmental activities of the project are given below. These documents were used in cross-reference with each other:

  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Vol. 1-2, 1996.
  • Mitigation Management and Monitoring Plan (MMMP), 1996.
  • Acquisition, Compensation and Rehabilitation Plan (ACRP), 1996.
  • Tender documents with conditions of particular applications, including social and environmental clauses.
  • ADB: Summary Environment Impact Assessment (SEIA), 1996
  • ADB: Report and Recommendation of President to Board of Directors, 1996 RRP-NEP 26362)
  • Loan Agreement with ADB