Law, Regulations and EIA: Philippines
Section 1. Basic Policy and Operating Principles
Consistent with the principles of sustainable development, it is the policy of the DENR to implement a systems-oriented and integrated approach to the LIS system to ensure a rational balance between socio-economic development and environmental protection for the benefit of present and future generations.
The following are the key operating principles in the implementation of the Philippine EIS System:
a. The EIS System is concerned primarily with assessing the direct and indirect impacts of a project on the biophysical and human environment and ensuring that these impacts are addressed by appropriate environmental protection and enhancement measures.
b. The EIS System aids proponents in incorporating environmental considerations in planning their projects as well as in determining the environment's impact on their project.
c. Project proponents are responsible for determining and disclosing all relevant information necessary for a methodical assessment of the environmental impacts of their projects;
d. The review of the EIS by EMB shall be guided by three general criteria: (1) that environmental considerations are integrated into the overall project planning, (2) that the assessment is technically sound and proposed environmental mitigation, measures are effective, and (3) that , social acceptability is based on informed public participation;
e. Effective regulatory review of the EIS depends largely on timely full; and accurate disclosure of relevant: information by project proponents and, other stakeholders in the EIA process;
f. The social acceptability of a project is a result of meaningful public participation, which shall be assessed as part of the Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) application, based on concerns related to the project's environmental impacts;
g. The timelines prescribed by this Order, within which an Environmental - Compliance Certificate must be issued, or denied, apply only to processes and actions within the Environmental Management Bureau's (EMB) control and do not include actions or activities that are the responsibility of the proponent.