Capacity Development Key to Stopping Illegal Trade in Hazardous and Electronic Waste

Building capacity among environmental and customs officials for detecting illegal transboundary shipments of hazardous and electronic wastes was the focus of the Second International Hazardous Waste Inspection Project. 11 countries participated in the Project, which was convened by the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE) Seaport Environmental Security Network (SESN).

Developing Financing Model for Energy Efficient Practices in the PRC

The China Utility-Based Energy Efficiency Finance Program (CHUEE) is established to provide market-based solutions that will promote novel and sustainable financing model to promote energy efficiency in the private sector. In March 2008, participating banks in the CHUEE program approved 70 energy efficiency loans, with a loan portfolio of US$ 243 million. Interestingly, projects financed by the loans contribute to a net annual reduction of greenhouse gases of 4.3 million tons.

The Clean Water Act Law of the Philippines: The Use of Incentives to Promote Investments

The Philippines is once known to be relatively abundant in water resources. However, the pressures of population growth, urbanization, and industrialization placed a toll on the resource. One of the most pressing concerns is the increased competition in the various uses of water. There is also serious concern regarding watershed degradation and unmonitored extraction of groundwater by illegal users. The Clean Water Act Law of the Philippines aims to promote and encourage the protection of the country’s water resources.

Use of Effluent Charges in Malaysia's Palm Oil Industry

Malaysia is one of the countries to first introduce effluent charge system, specifically for palm oil and rubber mills. In 1977, the country’s Department of Environment (DOE) announced discharge standards for BOD on palm oil effluent. Prior to the introduction of the regulation, crude palm oil was the single worst pollution source in the country. Daily discharge alone increased by more than 300% from 1965 to 1977. The aim of the regulation was to reduce pollution created by the sector without hampering its growth.

Promotion of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) in Bangladesh via Command and Control Schemes

The transport sector is identified to be one of the contributors of air pollution in Dhaka. In particular, two-stroke auto rickshaws or baby taxis were identified as one of the strongest contributor. It was also found out that this vehicle emits a hydrocarbon; volatile organic compound; and particulate matters. The program to achieve better air quality was kicked-off by conversion to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and the startup of fueling stations in October 2001. In December 2002, the Ministry of Communications issued a ban on two stroke baby taxies.